How Do I Choose an Appropriate Onsite Wastewater
There are at least five basic steps you need to follow before you choose the appropriate wastewater system. These are: Identify the goals for your particular onsite wastewater system, conduct a thorough on-site evaluation, identify relevant regulatory requirements, identify candidates and finally evaluate long-term costs, operations and maintenance.
The first stage is of particular importance. What do you want the onsite wastewater system to do for you? Can you select a system based upon factors besides costs? For example, if you are running a summer camp, you will only use the camp once a year. Do you need to install a water treatment unit or will you use a filtration unit? Do you have a large number of people coming to the camp? How much is this going to cost? What will be your initial capital cost? These are some questions you can ask yourself.
The second is equally important because wastewater systems need space for the septic tank, treatment unit, filtration unit and number of toilets required. The third is a must.
Environmental protection is now a high priority and regulations must be complied with. For this step, it is best to hire a consultant to go through the process of application. A consultant should be well-versed with current regulations and this will take away the stress of non-compliance.
The fourth requires you to shop around for the best design. It can come in a standard model but you must always meet your goals in the first stage. This leads naturally to the fifth stage where you evaluate each system. Calculate the initial capital required, the long-term operation and maintenance and cost-effectiveness of each system.
Remember that any onsite wastewater system is meant to be used for long-term maybe even up to 50 years before it starts to fail. Proper maintenance and ease of operations will help to prolong the facility and hence give you a long term system.
After going through each of these steps, ask your self again, How do I choose an appropriate onsite wastewater system? By now, you should have your answers. One thing equally important is to allow an engineer to do a proper inspection of your site. The engineer needs to know the surrounding soil condition, the porosity of the soil, the terrain, the proximity to well water, lakes or rivers and the land size as well. Furthermore, your requirement is not the same for each type of dwelling. A standard model may not be adaptable for you. You need to discuss with the engineer the different possibilities. You may also need to consider recycling the wastewater for outdoor use.